Periodontal disease occurs in a series of stages, ranging from gingivitis to periodontitis and beyond. As the disease moves through those stages, the effects become more significant and the treatments are more intensive.

When gum disease has progressed to the point at which pockets have developed between the teeth and the gums, a periodontist must get involved to provide specialized care.

One intervention for periodontal disease is pocket irrigation. This approach is used to clear plaque from the areas between the teeth and underneath the gumline, which often go untouched during a patient